Malaga city

Malaga city

Málaga: Discover the Beauty and History of This Charming City

Málaga, often referred to as the beautiful city, is strategically nestled in the heart of its namesake basin, surrounded by picturesque mountains, the flowing Guadalhorce River, and the inviting coastal stretch leading to Axarquía.

Its enviable geographical location has consistently drawn visitors, traders, settlers, and warriors throughout history, contributing to the cosmopolitan, universal, open, relaxed, and hospitable atmosphere that defines the city today.

The city boasts a myriad of attractions, including the El Palo neighborhood with its distinctive fisherman houses, secluded coves, leisurely promenades, and delectable seafood. To the east lies the captivating Paseo Marítimo, home to renowned beaches such as La Malagueta, La Farola (now an iconic symbol of the city), and the Puerto Espigón, providing a breathtaking panoramic view of the cityscape.

Heading towards the center, the Park, a haven of botanical diversity, leads to ancient Málaga with its impressive Cathedral, the Nasrid-era Gibralfaro Castle, the beautifully restored Alcazaba, and the historic Roman Theater. Further up, the Plaza de la Merced, the birthplace of the legendary Picasso, adds cultural richness to the city. This cultural tapestry is complemented by numerous churches and civic landmarks, such as the Palace of the Counts of Buenavista and the Consulate House.

Exploring its streets offers a glimpse into the spectacular Holy Week and the grand Fair that Málaga is known for.

On the western and northern front, the modern Málaga, a product of urban growth in the 1960s, unfolds. The Misericordia beaches extend to the mouth of the Guadalhorce, a protected area serving as a sanctuary for thousands of migratory birds.

In the surrounding areas, romantic gardens like La Cónsula or El Retiro in the Churriana neighborhood, and the historical Finca de la Concepción or Hacienda de San José, stand as testaments to a bygone era of economic splendor.

Overarching this entire landscape are the Montes de Málaga, a Natural Park of remarkable beauty, offering an ideal setting to savor the city’s natural charm.

In essence, Málaga presents a diverse array of tourist offerings, from golf courses and water sports to intangibles such as its distinctive light, agreeable climate, tantalizing gastronomy, and inherent charm.


In the 1st century B.C., Strabo mentioned the Phoenician city settled at the foot of the hill where the Alcazaba stands today. The Roman era marked great splendor, evidenced by the Roman Theater and the Lex Flavia Malacitana.

A prolonged period of decline followed the fall of the Roman Empire. In 571, the city fell under the rule of the Visigothic king Leovigildo.

In 711, Tariq, the lieutenant of the governor of northern Ifriqiya (Africa) Muza ben Nusayr, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar (Yebel-Tarik) with nearly 10,000 men and initiated the conquest of the entire Peninsula. Málaga became Muslim, starting a new period of its history that would last for eight centuries. Yemenis, Berbers, Arabs from the south, Muladis (Hispano-Goths converted to the new religion), Mozarabs (Christians who continued to practice their religion), and Jews settled in its territorial scope.

In the first three centuries of Muslim rule, the city saw a rapid increase in its population, benefiting from a significant economic boost, a prosperous era based on trade, and the exchange of products through its port. By the 10th century, Málaga already had 15,000 inhabitants.

As we progress to the 14th century, the first attempts at conquest by Christian troops began. In 1487, the city was finally captured, marking a significant turning point. From then on, religious communities played a crucial role in Málaga’s urban growth.

The 16th century brought a period of decline due to conflicts such as the Moorish uprising, epidemics, and floods. Despite these challenges, landmarks such as the Cathedral’s main structure were constructed. In the same century, the first urban remodeling of the Muslim city took place, giving birth to a broad avenue facilitating the transit of carts and goods – the street that we now know as Calle Nueva.

The 17th century life revolved around the port, which played both a military and mercantile role. However, hygiene was a significant issue with streets becoming a source of diseases and epidemics.

Fast forward to the 18th century, the port became a major economic hub, importing wheat and exporting wines and raisins. After the decree of free trade with America in 1778, commercial transit through the port increased considerably, resulting in a significant population boost.

The 19th century was marked by widespread political, economic, and social crises. The consequences of the War of Independence, constant conflict between absolutists and liberals, the closing of maritime trade with America, the collapse of the Malagan industry, and the spread of the phylloxera plague in the Axarquía and Montes de Málaga wrote a dark chapter in our recent history.


The 20th century

The 20th century commenced in Málaga with expectations of progress that were soon thwarted. In the first decade, the old town underwent remodeling, with Calle Larios, traced at the end of the 19th century, becoming the central axis of the urban core and a meeting point for Malagan society. The Paseo del Parque, constructed on reclaimed land from the sea, also dates back to this period.

The political, economic, and social crisis that plagued Andalusia in the early third of the century took on more tragic hues in Málaga when it became the arrival point for the wounded from the War of Africa. The Spanish Civil War had two distinct periods in the capital: an initial phase of Republican continuity (July 1936 to February 1937) and another (February 1937 to July 1939) dominated by Nationalist forces.

In the second half of the century, especially from the 1960s, coinciding with the Franco regime’s opening to the Western world, the city, thanks to tourism development (Málaga, Capital of the Costa del Sol), experienced rapid population growth and parallel disorderly urban expansion. During the 1960s, a significant portion of the historic El Perchel and La Trinidad neighborhoods vanished, giving rise to a new urban thoroughfare: Avenida de Andalucía. In subsequent years, population growth became increasingly evident, making Málaga the most populous city in Andalusia until Torremolinos became an independent municipality in September 1988.

Today, Málaga remains an attractive tourist destination, blending a rich history reflected in its monuments, streets, and traditions with a vibrant modernity. The city has successfully combined its historical heritage with a dynamic present, offering visitors a unique and diverse experience.

Explore Málaga with Us

As you explore the charming city of Málaga, immerse yourself in its beauty, history, and vibrant culture. Whether you’re strolling through its historic streets, enjoying the breathtaking views from Gibralfaro Castle, or savoring the local cuisine in La Malagueta, Málaga has something for everyone.

Explore Málaga – Essential Tourist Information

Welcome to Málaga, a city rich in history, culture, and breathtaking landscapes. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a beach lover, or a foodie, Málaga has something to offer for every traveler. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you make the most of your visit:

Things to Do and Places to Visit

  • Explore the historic Alcazaba and Gibralfaro Castle for panoramic views of the city.
  • Visit the Picasso Museum to admire the works of the legendary artist.
  • Stroll through the charming streets of the Old Town (Casco Antiguo).

Important Phone Numbers

Tourist Information Offices

Beaches and Services

  • La Malagueta Beach: Popular for its golden sands and vibrant atmosphere.
  • Playa de la Misericordia: Ideal for a peaceful day by the sea with family-friendly facilities.
  • El Palo Beach: Known for its traditional fishing village charm and seafood restaurants.

Local Events and Festivals

Shopping and Souvenirs

Transportation and Getting Around

Health and Safety Tips

  • For medical emergencies, dial 112 for immediate assistance.
  • Keep a copy of your identification and important documents in a secure place.
  • Stay hydrated, especially during warmer months, and use sunscreen to protect against the sun.

Connect with Us

  • Follow us on social media for real-time information and recommendations.
  • Tag your photos with #ExploreMálaga to be featured on our social media channels.

Local Cultural Tips

  • Learn a few basic Spanish phrases to enhance your interactions with locals.
  • Explore the local arts scene by visiting galleries like CAC Málaga.
  • Attend a traditional flamenco show for an unforgettable cultural experience.

Day Trips and Excursions

  • Embark on a scenic drive to the picturesque Caminito del Rey.
  • Visit the charming coastal town of Nerja for its stunning beaches and the famous Balcony of Europe.
  • Explore the historic city of Granada and the iconic Alhambra Palace.

Nightlife in Málaga

  • Visit the bars and clubs in the Soho district for a lively atmosphere.
  • Experience the traditional Spanish custom of “paseo” – an evening stroll through the city streets.

Family-Friendly Activities

Useful Links for Tourists

Safe travels and enjoy the beauty of Málaga!



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